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    *  Between PCs and Macs, the ____________ is the platform of choice for graphic design and animation.


      Answer: Mac

    * The ____________ is the program that manages the hardware of the computer system, including the CPU, memory, storage devices, and input/output devices.
      Answer: operating system

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    * The type of operating system software you use depends on your computer’s ____________.
      Answer: platform


    * ____________software helps you carry out tasks, such as typing a document or creating a spreadsheet.
      Answer: Application


    * ____________are the fastest and most expensive computers.
      Answer: Supercomputers

    * A ____________ is approximately 1,000 bytes.
      Answer: kilobyte

    * Input devices are used to provide the steps and tasks the computer needs to process data, and these steps and tasks are called ____________.
      Answer: instructions

    * A computer gathers data, processes it, outputs the data or information, and ____________ the data or information.
      Answer: stores

    * The binary language consists of two digits: ____________ and ____________.
      Answer: 0 and 1
    * A string of ____________ 0s and 1s is called a byte.
      Answer: eight (8)
    * The devices you use to enter data into a computer system are known as ____________ devices.
      Answer: input
    * The devices on a computer system that let you see the processed information are known as ____________ devices.
      Answer: output

    * ____________ is the set of computer instructions or programs that enables the hardware to perform different tasks.
      Answer: Software

    * 64. When you connect to the ____________, your computer is communicating with a server at your Internet service provider (ISP).
      Answer: Internet
    * ____________ are computers that excel at executing many different computer programs at the same time.
      Answer: Mainframes

    * ____________is the application of computer systems and techniques to gather legal evidence.
      Answer: Computer forensics

    * ____________ is the science that attempts to create machines that will emulate the human thought process.
      Answer: Artificial intelligence (AI)

    * Macintosh computers use the Macintosh operating system (Mac OS), whereas PCs generally run ____________ as an operating system.
      Answer: Microsoft Windows

    * A process known as ____________ tracks trends and allows retailers to respond to consumer buying patterns.
      Answer: data mining

    * Hard disk drives and CD drives are examples of ____________ devices.
      Answer: storage

    * You would use ____________ software to create spreadsheets, type documents, and edit photos.
      Answer: application

    * ____________ are computers that support hundreds or thousands of users simultaneously.
      Answer: Mainframes

    * ____________ is the term given to the act of stealing someone’s identity and ruining their credit rating.
      Answer: Identity theft

    * Surgeons are using ____________ to guide robots to perform delicate surgery.
      Answer: computers

    * Patient ____________ are life-sized mannequins that have a pulse and a heartbeat and respond to procedures just like humans.
      Answer: simulators


True and False

    * Currently, the performance of tasks by robots is based on preprogrammed algorithms.
      Answer: True
    * Data can be a number, a word, a picture, or a sound.
      Answer: True

    * Strictly defined, a computer is a data processing device.
      Answer: True

    * The discrepancy between the “haves” and “have-nots” with regard to computer technology is commonly referred to as the digital society.
      Answer: False (digital divide)

    * One of the benefits of becoming computer fluent is being a savvy computer user and consumer and knowing how to avoid viruses, the programs that pose threats to computer security.
      Answer: True

    * Trend-spotting programs, developed for business, have been used to predict criminal activity.
      Answer: True

    * Employers do not have the right to monitor e-mail and network traffic on employee systems used at work.
      Answer: False

    * Clicking on an icon with the mouse is a form of giving an instruction to the computer.
      Answer: True

    * Output devices store instructions or data that the CPU processes.
      Answer: False (memory)

    * The CPU and memory are located on a special circuit board in the system unit called the motherboard.
      Answer: True

    * Nanostructures represent the smallest human-made structures that can be built.
      Answer: True

    * The main difference between a supercomputer and a mainframe is that supercomputers are designed to execute a few programs as quickly as possible, whereas mainframes are designed to handle many programs running at the same time (but at a slower pace).
      Answer: True

    * Being computer fluent means that you should be able to build a computer yourself.
      Answer: False

    * Embedded computers are self-contained computer devices that have their own programming and do not receive input.
      Answer: True

    * A Web browser is a special device that is installed in your computer that allows it to communicate with other devices on a network.
      Answer: False (network adapter)
    * With a wireless network, it is easier to relocate devices.
      Answer: True
    * The most common type of memory that the computer uses to process data is ROM.
      Answer: False (RAM)
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